Transparency and Accountability

Transparency and Accountability is not only a goal in itself but also a prerequisite for successful development in many areas. Access to accurate information about the environment, private sector, government and public services, policies, budgets and goals is the foundation of well-founded decisions and action.

What is Transparency & Accountability?

SPIDER defines transparency as the availability of accurate information about various issues and the commitments and performance of actors.

Accountability is holding institutions and actors accountable for their commitments and performance.

Transparency & Accountability in relation to Sustainable Development Goals

The availability of information is key to achieving effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels (SDG 16.6). ICTs are indispensable to sharing, managing and transmitting large quantities of data and reaching a multitude of stakeholders.

SPIDER’s approach to Transparency & Accountability

SPIDER’s aims to build Transparency & Accountability through four interlinked steps:



Support collection and sharing of information about the state of the natural environment, laws, regulations and procedures and the commitments and performance of various actors.

There must be a demand for the information.


Support actors to make data or information accessible to other relevant actors and broader public.

Access means: 1) easy to find, browse and search,
2) available to download in digital format and
3) easy to understand through data stories or visualisations.


Support various actors to use data in their work to inform priorities, planning and awareness raising or change campaigns.


Use evidence based advocacy and data to engage with duty bearers (government, private sector or other actors) on a particular issue to affect a change.

The role of ICT in Transparency & Accountability

ICTs plays a central role in each of the four steps of Transparency & Accountability. Data must be digital and adhere to Open data standards and be available in at least one digital format. 


Collecting and compiling information in a systematic manner that adheres to Open Data standards is impossible without digital tools.


Digital formats make data easy to search, analyse, compile and share. There are many tools that are helpful in visualising data and information.


Supporting organisations to use evidence based advocacy, learn how to use and tell stories with data and information.


Identifying the existing feedback mechanisms and enhancing these through ICT.

SPIDER supports

  • Gathering and sharing needed information in an accessible and useable format (Open Data standards)
  • Development, localisation and use of ICT tools for the four steps (Information, Access, Action and Feedback)
  • Support to use data and evidence based advocacy and engagement with duty bearers

SPIDER does not support

  • Informing about T&A or access to information in general but not working with particular issues or providing information
  • Publishing of information that is not based on needs of actors in the field
  • Development of platforms that are not connected to existing channels of information or workflows.
  • Platforms or technical solutions that do not take into account the needs and skills of the users.

Let’s collaborate!

SPIDER is an independent centre with extensive experience in the ICT 4 Development sphere. We are a public organisation and work in a transparent and accountable manner to give advice, map relevant partners and find evidence of ICT being a tool in international development. Contact us for any of the following:

ICT4D/ICT4T&A insights

SPIDER can take part in panel discussions, tailor lectures or signpost you to experts with relevant know-how and experience in the field.

Project/programme collaboration

SPIDER is happy to partner on relevant projects and programmes, coordinate initiatives or be part of consortium funding.


If you believe SPIDER would be a valued partner in a Network focusing on ICT, Development or Transparency and Accountability, please contact us


SPIDER welcomes tools, reports and media that is for benefit to our partners or the general public.

If you have anything you think we should share, please contact us.